Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it. Each statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs Identify the paragraphfrom which the information is derived. You may choose a paragraph mor (2024)

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  • 2021-04-14

    Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it. Each statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs Identify the paragraphfrom which the information is derived. You may choose a paragraph more than once. Eachparagraph is marked with a letter. Answer the questions by marking the corresponding letter onAnswer Sheet 2.
    Food-as-Medicine Movement Is Witnessing Progress
    A) Several times a month, you can find a doctor in the aisles of Ralph's market in HuntingtonBeach, California, wearing a white coat and helping people learn about food. On one recent day, this doctor was Daniel Nadeau, wandering the cereal aisle with Allison Scott, giving her someidea on how to feed kids who persistently avoid anything that is healthy. "Have you thoughtabout trying fresh juices in the morning?" he asks her. "The frozen oranges and apples are alittle cheaper, and fruits are really good for the brain. Juices are quick and easy to prepare; youcan take the frozen fruit out the night before and have it ready the next morning."
    B) Scott is delighted to get food advice from a physician who is program director of thenearby Mary and Dick Allen Diabetes Center, part of the St. Joseph Hoag Health alliance. Thecenter's "Shop with Your Doc" program sends doctors to the grocery store to meet with anypatients who sign up for the service, plus any other shoppers who happen to be around withquestions.
    C) Nаdеаu nоtісеѕ thе рrе-mаdе mасаrоnі(通心粉)-аnd-сhееѕе bохеѕ іn Ѕсоtt'ѕ ѕhорріng саrtаnd suggests she switch to whole grain macaroni and real cheese. "So I'd have to make it?" she asks, her enthusiasm fading at the thought of how long that might take, just to have herkids reject it. "I'm not sure they'd eat it. They just won't eat it."
    D) Nadeau says sugar and processed foods are big contributors to the rising diabetes ratesamong children. "In America, over 50 percent of our food is processed food," Nadeau tells her. "And only 5 percent of our food is plant-based food. I think we should try to reverse that." Scott agrees to try more fruit juices for the kids and to make real macaroni and cheese. Scoreone point for the doctor, zero for diabetes.
    E) Nadeau is part of a small revolution developing across California. The food-as-medicinemovement has been around for decades, but it's making progress as physicians and medicalinstitutions make food a formal part of treatment, rather than relying solely on medications(药物). By prescribing nutritional changes or launching programs such as "Shop with Your Doc", they are trying to prevent, limit or even reverse disease by changing what patients eat. "There's no question people can take things a long way toward reversing diabetes, reversinghigh blood pressure, even preventing cancer by food choices," Nadeau says.
    F) In the big picture, says Dr. Richard Afable, CEO and president of St. Joseph Hoag Health, medical institutions across the state are starting to make a philosophical switch to becominga health organization, not just a health care organization. That feeling echoes the beliefs of theTherapeutic Food Pantry program at Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital, whichcompleted its pilot phase and is about to expand on an ongoing basis to five clinic sitesthroughout the city. The program will offer patients several bags of food prescribed for theircondition, along with intensive training in how to cook it. "We really want to link food andmedicine, and not just give away food," says Dr. Rita Nguyen, the hospital's medical directorof Healthy Food Initiatives. "We want people to understand what they're eating, how toprepare it, the role food plays in their lives."
    G) In Southern California, Loma Linda University School of Medicine is offering specializedtraining for its resident physicians in Lifestyle Medicine—that is a formal specialty in using foodto treat disease. Research findings increasingly show the power of food to treat or reversediseases, but that does not mean that diet alone is always the solution, or that every illnesscan benefit substantially from dietary changes. Nonetheless, physicians say that they look atthe collective data and a clear picture emerges: that the salt, sugar, fat and processed foodsin the American diet contribute to the nation's high rates of obesity, diabetes and heartdisease. According to the World Health Organization, 80 percent of deaths from heart diseaseand stroke are caused by high blood, pressure, tobacco use, elevated cholesterol and lowconsumption of fruits and vegetables.
    H) "It's a different paradigm(范式)of how to treat disease," says Dr. Brenda Rea, who helpsrun the family and preventive medicine residency program at Loma Linda University School ofMedicine. The lifestyle medicine specialty is designed to train doctors in how to prevent andtreat disease, in part, by changing patient's nutritional habits. The medical center and school atLoma Linda also has a food cupboard and kitchen for patients. This way, patients not onlylearn about which foods to buy, but also how to prepare them at home.
    I) Many people don't know how to cook, Rea says, and they only know how to heat things up. That means depending on packaged food with high salt and sugar content. So teaching peopleabout which foods are healthy and how to prepare them, she says, can actually transform apatient's life. And beyond that, it might transform the health and lives of that patient's family. "What people eat can be medicine or poison," Rea says. "As a physician, nutrition is one ofthe most powerful things you can change to reverse the effects of long-term disease."
    J) Studies have explored evidence that dietary changes can slow inflammation(炎症), forexample, or make the body inhospitable to cancer cell. In general, many lifestyle medicinephysicians recommend a plant-based diet—particularly for people with diabetes or otherinflammatory conditions.
    K) "As what happened with tobacco, this will require a cultural shift, but that can happen," says Nguyen. "In the same way physicians used to smoke, and then stopped smoking and wereable to talk to patients about it, I think physicians can have a bigger voice in it."
    36.__________ More than half of the food Americans eat is factory-produced.

  • 举一反三

    • What is a Food Guide Pyramid?A: A description of theshape of food on a plateB: A geometrical shapeinvented by PythagorasC: A suggested guide for people to understand how to have a healthy dietD: A way to make money by selling dietary products, health foods etc."
    • People in different parts of the world ______.A: cook the same food in different waysB: like the same kinds of foodC: have the same ideas about foodsD: know how to prepare the same food
    • R2:From the passage, we can conclude that people’s interest in food has turned from the processed foods to natural health foods.
    • What is type 2 diabetes? The cells in your body need insulin to change glucose, the sugar that comes from the food you eat, into energy you need to live. Without insulin, this sugar cannot get into your cells to do its work. It stays in your blood instead. Your blood sugar level then gets too high. Type 2 diabetes usually begins with insulin resistance. This means that your pancreas is making enough insulin, but your cells are not able to use it. When your cells don’t get the sugar they need, your pancreas works harder at first to make more insulin. But after a while, your pancreas stops being able to make enough insulin. High blood sugar can harm many parts of the body. It can damage blood vessels and nerves throughout your body. You will have a bigger chance of getting eye, heart, blood vessel, nerve, and kidney disease. Your weight, level of physical activity, and family history affect how your body responds to insulin. People who are overweight, get little or no exercise, or have diabetes in the family are more likely to get type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is usually found in adults, which is why it used to be called adult-onset diabetes. But now more and more children and teens are getting it too. Type 2 diabetes is a disease that you will always have, but you can live a long and healthy life by learning how to manage it. How is type 2 diabetes diagnosed? Most likely you found out that you have diabetes when you saw your doctor for a regular checkup or for some other problem. Your doctor probably diagnosed type 2 diabetes by examining you, asking about your health history, and looking at the results of blood sugar tests. How is it treated? A healthy diet helps keep your blood sugar under control and helps prevent heart disease. Eating the right amount of carbohydrate at each meal is very important. Carbohydrate is found in sugar and sweets, grains, fruit, starchy vegetables and milk and yogurt. A dietitian or a certified diabetes educator can help you plan your meals. Eating right and getting more exercise are enough for some people to control their blood sugar levels. Others also need to take one or more medicines, including insulin. You may need to take other steps to prevent other problems from diabetes. These problems are called complications. People with diabetes are more likely to die from heart and blood vessel problems like heart attack and stroke. If you are 30 or older, talk to your doctor about taking a low-dose aspirin each day to help prevent these or other large blood vessel diseases. You may also need medicine for high blood pressure or high cholesterol. If you smoke, quitting may help you avoid problems with your heart and large blood vessels. (478) Adopted from NorthShore University HealthSystem (NorthShore) at: https://www. /globalassets/diabetes/patienteducation/educationpackettypeiidiabetes.pdf f) From the first paragraph we may get to know that the sugar we take-in via food should be digested to the cells otherwise it will_________.
    • how do people maintain good health?A: eat healthy foodB: do more exercises.C: keep good habits.D: have good mood


    • 0

      -- _________ Chinese food?-- Oh, it is the most delicious food that I have tasted.A: What do you likeB: How do you think ofC: What's your favouriteD: What do you think of

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      以下哪个选项与材料内容相一致?未知类型:{'label': 'questionDesc', 'content': '请选择正确答案。', 'isMemberControl': 0, 'type': 181}未知类型:{'label': 'source', 'content': '2018年12月 四级 卷一 信息匹配 Food-as-Medicine Movement Is Witnessing Progress', 'isMemberControl': 0, 'type': 181}A: Diabetes patients are advised to eat more plant-based food.B: Training a patient to prepare healthy food can change their life.C: There is growing evidence from research that food helps patients recover from various illnesses.D: Using food as medicine is no novel idea, but the movement is making headway these days.

    • 2

      Listen to the dialogue again and then answer the following questions.1) Who is complaining about therestaurant? ________.2) What is he complaining about? The ________ there.3) How long has he been waiting forthe food? More than ________ minutes.4) What does his friend say to him? Relax, Kim. We're not ________.5) When will his food be ready? The waitress says it will ________.

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      If your food is _ , this means it has been cooked too long but you can still eat it.

    • 4

      Most people have no real idea how to change to healthy food, and Maureen was no ________.

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    Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it. Each statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs Identify the paragraphfrom which the information is derived. You may choose a paragraph mor (2024)
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